Purusha Sukta – 10

ಹರಿಯಂತೆ ಪೊರೆಯುವವರ ನೋಡಿರೋ
October 15, 2020
ಗುರುರಾಜರ ಸೇವೆಯೇ ಭಾಗ್ಯ
October 22, 2020

Purusha Sukta – 10

In the previous mantra, we had seen how the manifestation of the instruments of Yajna were described. The appearance of ghee mixed with curds, forest animals and domesticated animals were mentioned. In this next mantra, the description moves to the manifestation of the mantras that are used in the Yajna.

तस्माद् यज्ञात् सर्वहुत ऋचः सामानि जज्ञिरे |
छन्दांसि जज्ञिरे तस्माद् यजुस्तस्मादजायत ||

“From the Supreme Purusha, who was worshipped by all, the Rik-mantras and the Sama-mantras manifested. The Gayatri and the other Chandas too manifested, as well as the Yajur-mantras manifested from him”

Sri Raghavendra Swamiji first clarifies the purpose and intent of this mantra. While the previous rik described the general instruments of Yajna and their coming into being, the present rik talks about the manifestation of the mantras needed.

यज्ञसाधनद्रव्योत्पत्तिमुक्त्वा मन्त्रोत्पत्तिरत्र उच्यते

“Having talked about the generation of the Yajna sadhanas (in the previous rik), the manifestation of the mantras is spoken of here”

This rik too starts with “तस्माद् यज्ञात् सर्वहुत” just as in the previous one. Here too, the meaning of the phrase remains the same – “From the Purusha who was worshipped in the sacrifice by all”.

It is well known that the Vedas are eternal and apaurusheya. They have existed forever and are not the creation of any sentient being. Thus, a question arises as to the meaning of the words जज्ञिरे and अजायत. Rayaru clarifies that these two words, in the context of this mantra, do not convey the meaning “birth” or “coming into being for the first time”. The words indicate manifestation of the mantras from the mind of the Supreme Brahman.

जनी प्रादुर्भावे तद्बुद्धिस्थाः सृष्टिकाले ब्रह्मादीन् प्रत्युच्चारिताः इत्यर्थः

“janee is appearance in this case; The meaning is that the mantras, that were rooted in the buddhi of Brahma and others, came to be manifested (chanted) at the time of creation”

One interpretation for this mantra is that the mantras of the Rig, Yajur and Sama Vedas manifested, along with the Gayatri and other Chandas. This was indeed what happened. However, Sri Raghavendra Swamiji also interprets this mantra in another way giving rise to another beautiful meaning.

He quotes a प्रमाण वचन and states that this rik also points to the birth of the Abhimani Devatas corresponding to these mantras and chandas. 

तदुत्पत्तिवचश्चैव भवेद्व्यक्तिव्यपेक्षया | अवान्तराभिमानानां देवानां वा व्यपेक्षया

However, it is very well known that the primary Abhimani Devata or presiding deity for all the Vedas is Sri Mahalakshmi. And it is an equally well known fact that Lakshmi does not have any birth. She is eternal.

Hence, Rayaru clarifies that the mantra actually refers to the birth of the ‘Avantara’ Abhimani Devatas or the secondary presiding deities.

सर्ववेदाभिमानित्वात् श्रीर्ब्रह्माणि च भारती इत्युक्तत्वात् देव्या नित्यत्वात् अवान्तरेत्युक्तम्

“Since it is stated (in the Shastras) that Lakshmi, Sarasvati and Bharati are the presiding deities of all the Vedas, and since Lakshmi is eternal, the reference (in this rik) is to the secondary presiding deities”

Having thus explained the deities of the Vedas, Rayaru quotes the Rig Bhashya of Sri Madhwacharya and lists the presiding deities of the various Chandas. These presiding deities are the ones who manifested during this stage of the Yajna.

छन्दोभिमानिनस्तु गायत्री बृहती चैव तास्सर्वा गरुडस्तथा

“All of them (Lakshmi, Sarasvati and Bharati – quoted previously) along with Garuda are the presiding deities of the Gayatri and Brihati Chandas”

ब्रह्माण्यनुष्टुबिन्द्राणी त्रिष्टुप् स्वाहेति चोच्यते

“Sarasvati is the presiding deity for the Anushtup Chandas while it is said that Indranee (Shachi Devi) is the presiding deity for the Trishtup Chandas”

Thus, the Gayatri and Brihati Chandas are presided by Mahalakshmi, Sarasvati, Bharati and Garuda and the Anushtup and Trishtup are ruled by Sarasvati and Shachi respectively. 

Sri Krishnarpanamastu

Hariprasad N
Hariprasad N
Hariprasad N is based out of Bangalore, and works in the Software Industry, mainly on system software. Hari is a staunch believer in the Tattvavada philosophy of Sri Madhwacharya and owes his existence to the grace of Sri Raghavendra Swamiji. He has interests in the areas of Spirituality, Politics and Law

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