Purusha Sukta – 6

ನಂಬಿ ಕೆಟ್ಟವರಿಲ್ಲವೊ…
September 19, 2020
Purushottama Yoga
September 23, 2020

Purusha Sukta – 6

Sri Raghavendra Swamiji categorizes the first five mantras of the Purusha Sukta as belonging to the first ‘varga’. In this first set, the Sukta describes the unmatched and infinite greatness of the Purusha Sri Narayana and also briefly describes the creation of Chaturmukha Brahma and the other Devatas. From the sixth mantra onwards, the second varga begins.

द्वितीयवर्गे आद्या ऋक् यत्पुरुषेणेति

“The first Rik in the second set starts with yatpurushena….”

This mantra starts describing how the Devatas initiated a manasa yajna of the Purusha.
यत् पुरुषेण हविषा देवा यज्ञ मतन्वत |वसन्तो अस्यासीदाज्यं ग्रीष्म इध्मः शरद्धविः || 6 ||

“The Devatas conceived Brahma as the Pashu and performed a manasa yajna. For this (yajna) Vasanta rutu was verily the ghee (fuel), Greeshma was the fire-wood and Sharad was the oblation”

Right at the beginning of creation, just as Brahma and the other Devatas were born, the implements required to perform a physical yajna had not yet come into being. At that stage itself, the Devatas wanted to begin their worship of the great Purusha. Hence they resorted to a mental worship – a manasa yajna – of the Virat Purusha Narayana.

Rayaru explains that the word पुरुषेण in this mantra refers to Chaturmukha Brahma whom the other Devatas conceive of as the Havis in the form of a Pashu i.e. Brahma becomes the sacrificial animal that is offered in all yajnas.
पुरुषेण हविषा मनसा संकल्पितचतुर्मुखाख्यपशुरूपहविषा यज्ञं विष्णुमुद्दिश्य …

“In the manasa yajna that is conceived Chaturmukha Brahma is offered in the form of the sacrificial animal with the offering intended for Vishnu….”
The word अतन्वत means performed.

When such a yajna is performed, there obviously is the need for various implements or साधन सामग्रि to successfully conduct the yajna. The Devatas meditate upon the various Rutus or seasons as the implements and utilize these wonders of the Purusha’s extraordinary creation as the साधन.

To perform any yajna the most important requirement is that of the Ajya or ghee through which the sacrificial fire is sustained and enriched. The Ajya, of course, also is used as the havis in many cases. The season of Vasanta or spring is offered to the Lord as the Ajya.

Rayaru says the Devatas conceive the Vasanta Rutu itself as the fuel in their sacrifice.

तदा अस्य यज्ञकर्मणः वसन्तः वसन्तर्तुः आज्यमासीत् आज्यत्वेन सङ्कल्पितो वसन्तः

“In this yajna karma, Vasanta the Rutu is conceived of as the sacrificial Ajya…”
The sacrifice also requires firewood. The Greeshma or the season of summer is thought of, and offered, as the firewood.

The yajna also requires an oblation known as the Purodasha. Rayaru says that the season of Sharad or autumn is considered by the Devatas as the Purodasha havis.

शरत् ऋतुः हविः पुरोडाशरूपहविरासीत्

“The season of autumn verily became the havis of the Purodasha type…”
Thus, in this mantra, the description of the beginning of the manasa yajna of the Devatas is described beautifully.

Note: The पुरोडाश (Purodasha) is one of the types of oblations offered in a Vedic sacrifice. It can be prepared from a variety of substances such as rice or barley flour. One of the अग्नि or fires maintained in a Vedic sacrifice is called गार्हपत्य. The Purodasha is prepared in this fire using earthern pots and is shaped in the form of a tortoise. The number of such offerings varies depending upon the sacrifice but typically 8 or 11 are offered.

Hariprasad N
Hariprasad N
Hariprasad N is based out of Bangalore, and works in the Software Industry, mainly on system software. Hari is a staunch believer in the Tattvavada philosophy of Sri Madhwacharya and owes his existence to the grace of Sri Raghavendra Swamiji. He has interests in the areas of Spirituality, Politics and Law

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