History of Sri Vyasatatvajna Teertharu – Part 6/n
August 30, 2021

Rajagopala Stuti

Sri Raghavendra Vijaya narrates that Sri Rayaru has composed this Stuti during his visit to Sri Raja Mannaru Gudi near Kumbakonam in Tamil Nadu.  This temple is on the banks of Haridhra River (Tank).  Sri Naryancharyaru in his Sri Raghavendra Vijaya seventh sarga shloka 12 quotes about this trip of Rayaru and gives the entire Stuti (13-18) for reference.

Mannaru, is said to be the place where Sri Hari appeared to kill the Mannaasura and protect the Harithasa Rishi.  The idol of RaajaGopaala has a whip (baarikolu/saavti/savaku/chanarakollu) in one hand, butter in other and adorns a turban.  Sri Purandara Dasaru and Sri Vijaya Dasaru have sung and praised about Sri Mannaru Krishna in their various songs like

“ಮನ್ನಾರುಕೃಷ್ಣಗೆ ಜಯಮಂಗಲ” “ಕಂಡೆ ಕಂಡೆ ಕಂಡೆನಯ್ಯ ಕಂಗಳ ದಣಿಯುವ ತನಕ” ಮಾತನಾಡೈ ಮನ್ನಾರಿಕೃಷ್ಣ”, “ಬಾಲ ಗೋಪಾಲ ಗುಣಶೀಲಾ ವಿಶಾಲಮಹಿಮಾ ಮನ್ನಾರಿಗುಡಿಪಾಲ”, “ರಂಗನಾಡಿದನೊ ಮನ್ನಾರಿ ಕೃಷ್ಣನಾಡಿದನೊ”

There is an interesting story of Vijyadasaru at Raja Mannarugudi, On one day during his visit, he took bath at Haridhra River (Tank) and was getting out to see Sri Krishna, a little boy cam running and sprinkled water on Dasaru, Dasaru, felt he was impure and took bath again, and the same thing repeated for at least 6-7 times, Dasaru became furious when this occurred for the eighth time, and this time the boy sprayed the water from his mouth.  At that moment, Dasarayaru realized that this was none other than Mannaru Krishna and sang this song “ಮಾತನಾಡೈ ಮನ್ನಾರಿಕೃಷ್ಣ”.

Such is the greatness of this Raja Gopala, and Sri Rayaru made a stuti praising him.

हृदि बोधदुग्धरसवासनाकृते
परिनिर्मिताविव पयोजतल्लणौ
अपवर्ग मार्ग परि बोधनाय मे
चरणतवेश किमु चिह्न पल्लवौ ॥१॥

O! lord Rajagopala, how a lotus fills the water it blooms in with fragrance, let your lotus feet be in my heart (soul) and fill the knowledge spring with the fragrance of nectar (moksha).  It seems that your lotus feet are like the guiding leaves towards moksha for those who have choosen to follow the path showed by Acharya Madhwa and his followers. Rayaru, by saying this word is indicating that the Lord is so merciful to his bhaktas like this Bhagavatam word “ಸ್ಮರತಃ ಪಾದಕಮಲಮಾತ್ಮಾನಮಪಿ ಯಚ್ಛತಿ.”  This also reminds us of this stanza “ಚರಣಕಮಲಕೆ ಶರಣಮಾಳ್ಪರ ಕರುಣಿಸಿ ಭವ ಅರಣದಾಟಿಪ” in this song “ನಮೋ ನಮೋ ವೆಂಕಟೇಶಾ ಸರ್ವೋತ್ತಮಾನೆ ಶ್ರೀಶಾ” written by Guru Jagannatha Dasaru.  Rayaru also reminds us that only thru right knowledge, meditation, and Sakshakara is the way for Mukti, which reminds us of this “Purusha Sukta Mantra: ನಾನ್ಯ ಪಂಥಾ ಅಯನಾಯ ವಿದ್ಯಾತೇ.”

उपरि श्रितेन पुरतश्च नश्वर-
व्यवहारदॊरगगिरामनारतम्
प्रणवद्वयेन मणिनूपुरात्मना
परिकर्मिते तव पदे पदे मुदाम् ॥२॥

Sri Rayaru goes on to describe the anklets of Lord Rajabopala to “OMkara” that is chanted at the beginning and end of all Vedic Recitals as stated in this pramanam “ಸ್ರವತ್ಯಾನೋಂಕೃತಂ ಬ್ರಹ್ಮ ಪರಸ್ತಚ್ಚ ವಿಶೀರ್ಯತೇ” , for example, Brahma sutras:  “OM OM ATATHO BRAHMA JIGNASA OM” “OM JANMADYASYAYATHA OM” “OM SHASTRAYANOITVAT OM”.   Rayaru is guiding us that Veda’s are Nitya and Apauresheya, Vedas do not propound things that perish, it always propounds Lord’s glory.  There is no difference between Lords leg and other parts of his body, his body is satchitanandamaya, he is the provider of eternal happiness (mukti).

रुचिवारिपूनरुचिरं भुजांतरं
शिशिरं तटाकमवगाह्य तावकम्
त्यजति श्रमं व्रजति हर्षमद्य मे
भवघर्मतापमपनीय दृग्गवी ॥३॥

In the third stanza of the Stuti, Sri Rayaru is expressing immense happiness in seeing Lord Rajagopala’s Heart (Vakshasthalam) and his mesmerizing form, reminding us of Sri Madacharya’s word from his dvadasha stotra “ಅನಂತಮಂತವದಿವ ಭುಜಯೋರಂತರಂ ಗತಮ್”.  Acharya Madhwa said it as “ಭುಜಯೋರಂತರಂ“whereas Rayaru calls it as “ಭೂಜಾಂತರಂ”.  Rayaru further goes on to compare Lord Rajagopala’s Vakshasthalam (heart) to a cool lake, and his eyes to a cow.  He continues to narrate the plight of a tired cow which seeks cool water to evade the heat from sun, similarly my eyes are fully immersed in the cool water of your heart, which is uplifting and removing all of my weariness  (samsara taapa) and am enjoying it.

अरुणाधरं रतुणचंद्रसुंदरं
करुणाधरं वदनमीश तावकम्
स्मितकांतिपूननवचंद्रिकाभरैः
भवशार्वरं क्षिपति भव्यचेतसाम् ॥४॥

In the fourth stanza of the Stuti, Sri Rayaru is describing the pink lips of Lord Sri Rajagoapala. He is praising his divine face is dazzling with rose like red lips and glows like the rising moon.  A gentle Smile is just beginning to emerge out from lord’s benevolent face which is for sure abolishes all sorts of miseries and darkness arising out of samsara and will sure lead those who are treading the Path towards Moksha.

This stanza reminds us this verse from Dwadasha Stotra of Sri Madhwacharya – “ಪೂರ್ಣಾನನ್ಯಸುಖೋದ್ಭಾಸಿ ಮಂದಸ್ಮಿತಮಾಧೀಶಿತುಃ | ಗೋವಿಂದಸ್ಯ ಸದಾ ಚಿಂತ್ಯಂ ನಿತ್ಯಾನಂದಪದಪ್ರದಮ್” and it is very clear to us that Sri Rayaru is seeing this mandasmitha of Gopala. Lord Rajagopala is epitome of Karunya, and his karunya is enough to quell all bhavataapa and give us with eternal happiness.  There are innumerable example of Lord’s karunya on his bhaktas (Indira, Chandra, Beeshma, Shisupala, Pundarika, Kuchela, Gajendra, Ajamila, Dhruva, and Prahalada) as Jagannatha Dasaru sings in the karuna sandhi of his magnum opus Harikathamruthasara.

परितः  स्थितेअपि च्कुरौघशार्वरैः
विलुठद्भिराननविधौ विधाविते
तिलकेन नद्धकुलकेन (सादरं) सुंदरं
न हि वेत्ति बालतममत्युदारगीः ॥५॥

In the fifth stanza of the Stuti, Sri Rayaru is praising the beautiful and splendid face of Lord Rajagopala. Wherein his curly dense locks that sways this side and that side is like the darkness around the bright moon. The hair locks are hindering the onlookers from seeing Lords face.  At the same time, the holy tilak that is applied on his face is helping onlookers to recognize lord’s radiant appearance.  Like this vedic saying “ಯತೋ ವಾಚೋ ನಿವರ್ತಂತೆ, ಅಪ್ರಾಪ್ಯ ಮನಸಾ ಸಹ” even the apaurasheya Vedas cannot extol you (infinite qualities)  completely (God and his qualities are one and the same), it can describe him in parts and there are not enough words to describe him.

अलकावृतालिकमुदारमुन्नसं
स्मितपुल्लगंडतलमुल्लसन्मुखम्
दरवामभागनतमौलि मोहनं
तव देव नैव हृदयं जहातु मे ॥६॥

In the sixth and final stanza of the Stuti, Sri Rayaru eloquently describes how Lord Rajagopalas’ face is tilted slightly towards his left, how is nose his sharp and quite high, how the curly hairs are covering his broad forehead, and how his cheeks glow due to the shy smile that makes the lip dance. Rayaru is extoling the splendid face or Lord which is attractive and wishes that the enchanting face of Lord Rajagopala remains permanently etched in his heart.

Thus, Sri Rayaru made this Stuti after having his Darshana of Lord Rajagopala with the fullest knowledge determined & focused bhakti, and Sri Hari is Para (Sarvottama).

Sri Raghavendra Guruvantargatha Bharatiramana Sri Mukhya Pranantargata Sri Rajagopala krishnarpanamastu.

Naraprasanna Vittala
Naraprasanna Vittala
Upendran Boovaraha (Naraprasanna Vittala Dasa), belongs to a family-based in Erode. He is undergoing Dvaita shastra education various scholars. Upendra has written many devaranamagalu with the ankitha as NaraPrasannaVittala (which he got from Sri Vishwesha Tirtharu through Swapna, in the year 2015). Upendra works in a private company in Bengaluru.

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