Rayara granthagalu on Brahmasutras

Rayaru – Purusha Sukta – 1
August 17, 2020
Wisdom quotes in Sri GuruGunaSthavana
August 19, 2020

Rayara granthagalu on Brahmasutras

While Sri Raghavendra Swami has written many granthas about Brahma Sutras, the three currently available ones are:

  • ShreemanNyaayaSudhaa Parimala
  • AnuBhaashya ThathvaManjaree
  • BrahmaSoothra NyaayaMukthaavalee

ShreemanNyaayaSudhaa Parimala

Veda’s are massive in size, and Bhagavan Sri Veda Vyasa helped Sajjans by grouping them, and then giving them a framework called BrahmaSutras (564 of them).  However, when people in Kaliyuga struggled to understand even the small-sized Vedas and sutras, Sri Madhwaacharyaru wrote Sri BrahmaSutra Bhashya to explain the nuances of Sutras.

Sri Madwacharya wrote AnuVyakhyana to further explain his own Bhaashya.  The SrimanNyaya Sudha grantha of Sri JayaTeertha, Sri VaagVajra of Sri Sripadaraja, and the Vyasa Traya by Sri Vyaasa Raja all go a long distance in explaining the inference of Sri Madhwacharya in this regard. On the same lines, comes the great Parimala (fragrance) of Rayaru, in which, Rayaru has made a humble effort to simplify the meanings of Sri Nyaya Sudha.

As evident among the Pandita community, for any query that you have about Sudha grantha, the only one grantha that will answer all your questions is Parimala. Throughout this grantha, Rayaru quotes many sutras and explains even the grammar and PoorvaMeemamsa. The way Rayaru justifies the necessity of praying Sri Narayana and Sri Veda Vyasa separately (because both are the same) is beautiful. Simply putting—to drink the holy Sudha (amrutha), you must add a flavor called Parimala to make it tastier. This is a 19,300grantha—sized kruthi. Many believe (say) that this grantha was written by Rayaru in his Poorvaashrama.

As Sri Vadheendra Teertha praises, the words of Raayaru are nothing but the jasmine flowers that fell from the long hairs of mother Saraswathi who is dancing on the tongue of Rayaru. The fragrance of that flower is nothing but the Parimala grantha of Rayaru. After this fragrance came into the contact of the Sudha grantha of TeekaRayaru, the NyayaSudha grantha that was already tasty like Sudha (Amrutha) became tastier with the fragrance offered by (Parimala) Rayaru.

AnuBhaashya ThathvaManjaree

We all know that Lord Krishna opened his small mouth to show the complete world to Yashoda.  Can anyone else imagine or feel what that mother Yasoda saw and felt at that minute? No, never.

Similarly, Sri Raghavendra Swami has written commentary about SrimadhAnuBhashya — originally written by Sri Madhwacharyaru—in the form of TatwaManjari. How can sajjanas comprehend implicit meanings of SrimadhAnuBhashya without referring to TatwaManjari! While Sri Jayateertha wrote commentaries about many granthas written by Sri Madhwacharyaru, the former did not write a commentary about SrimadhAnuBhashya. Because Sri Raghavendra Teertha now wrote it, he became famous as Tikacharya among sajjana and scholars. One of the greatness of Tatwamanjari is that every word and sentence in it defines the hidden meanings of BrahmaSutra and its Adhikarana. This is a classic example to showcase the immaculate ability of Sri Rayaru to expand and explore a concise concept into voluminous commentary.

It was Sri Veda Vyasa who defined 564 Sutras, but it was Sri Madhwacharya who explained its intricacies by writing BrahmaSutra Bhashya and AnuVyakhyana. However, not stopping there, Madhwacharyaru wrote AnuBhashya to further explain the inferences of SutraBhashya and AnuVyaakhyana. As the famous and highly chanted first shloka of AnuBhaashya says…

Naaraayanam gunai sarvairudheernam dOshavarjitham |
gnEyam gamyam guroomshchaapi natvaa sootraartha uchyathE

It is lord Vishnu, who is supreme, free from all flaws, and sarvottama. Raayaru, in this grantha, writes commentary about Anubhashya in line with the inferences made by Sri Madhwacharya, NyayaSudhaa, Charikaa grantha, and also quotes lines from different Bhashya that Aacharyaru wrote about Upanishad.

As Sri Vaadheendra Teertharu praised in GurugunaSthavana, AnuBhashya, written by Sri Madhwacharya has massive hidden meanings and it is difficult for worldly people to comprehend without TathwaManjaree. For example, how can common people understand the experience that mother Yashodha had when she saw the whole world (Bhoolokha) in the fully opened mouth of tiny Krushna?

BrahmaSoothra NyaayaMukthaavalee

Sri Rayaru wrote this grantha during his visit to Udupi Krishna temple. Srigalu also wrote ThanthraDipikaa and ChandrikaPrakasha grantha while staying in Udupi temple. This information is available in Sri Raghavendra Vijaya written by Sri Narayana Pandita (Sarga-7/Shloka- 11).

The 564 sutras (as disclosed by Sri Madhwacharya) that help us understand the nuances of Vedas. Further, these sutras are classified in to 4 Adhyayas (chapters) that have a total of 222 Adhikaranas. These are derived after considering questions raised by PoorvaPaksha.

NyaayaMukthaavalee from Raayaru discusses about the inter-relationships between Sutras and Adhikaranas keeping in mind the inferences made by the writers of Bhaashya, AnuBhaashya, AnuVyakhyaana, TathwaPrakashika, and NyayaSudha. As Shree Vaadheendhra Teertha praises in his GurugunaSthavana, NyayaMukthaavalee is a garland (haara) made out of pearls called Adhikarana. As Shree Vadheendhra Teertha praises, NyaayaMukthaavalee is a real necklace that is made of pearls fetched by deep diving inside the sea called Siddhantha, and then formed by using a thread called your (Rayaru’s) valuable thoughts. Now, such a necklace is being put in the necks of people like us (Sri Vaadeendra Teertha), who praise your greatness.

Sheshadri Rao
Sheshadri Rao
Sheshadri hails from a satvic family and has had paata of SumadhwaVijaya and other Granthagalu from his father Sri Raghavendra Rayaru. Sheshadri has written the following MadhwaSahithya in the form of Kannada poem—GurugunaStavana, SriHariVayu Suthi, Raghavendra Stothra, VyasaRaja Stothra, AnuBhashya, Saptarshi Ramayana, YantroddharaMukhyaPrana Stothra, and Krishnashtaka. Sheshadri has made an effort to write the jist of all the 53 granthas of Rayaru in English. He works in a private company in Benglauru.

1 Comment

  1. Ravindranath says:

    Well compiled. Sri Raghavendra Swamiji has a lot of concern for the learners and hence stands by them at every step. Two of his efforts in bringing the contents of Brahma Sootra have slipped out of the above listing. They are:

    1. Bhaavadeepa – Sri Rayaru picks up every bit of Tatvaprakashika, that possibly places the reader in discomfort in understanding the commentary of Sri Jayateertha Swamiji and provides a detailed explanation, provides reference to the quotes, explains the complete meaning of the quotes, brings in the gist of other commentaries like Tatvapradeepa wherever found significant. A fantastic work that is appreciated by every reader of Madhwa Bhaashya.

    2. Tantra Deepika – It is a direct commentary on Brahma Sootras. A fantastic work where Sri Raghavendra Swamiji. He uses just a handful of sentences to show anyvaya (word-to-word linkage) of the sootras, what words need to be imported to have a total understanding of the sootra, meaning of every word, summary meaning, justification of the selection of words by Sri Vedavyasa in compiling the sootras while simpler alternatives were available, opinion of other commentators where they have a variety and so on.

    This is just a submission as a supplement to what has probably been inadvertently left out by Sri Sheshadri Rao.

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