Rayaru and his works

With me every single step
July 30, 2020
Tunga teera viraajam
August 7, 2020

Rayaru and his works

Sri Guru Raagavendra Teertha is a well-known and a respected 16th century Hindu saint who advocated Madhva thought of philosophy (worship of Vishnu as the supreme God, pancha bheda, Gradatation, etc,).  

In his poorvashrama he was known as Sri Venkatanatha, who spent is life in the worship of God and service of humanity. His spiritual guru, Sri Sudheendra Theertha, was looking for a successor to his lineage.  He had a dream where the Lord indicated that Sri Venkatanatha would be the right person to succeed him as the saint.  Sri Venkatanatha initially refused to take the Sannyāsa deeksha due to his responsibility towards his young wife and son. However, the Goddess of Learning (Shree Saraswathi) blessed him soon in a dream where she indicated that he was to seek salvation as a Sannyāsi.  Sri Venkatanatha realized the message and agreed to Shree Sudheendra Teertha’s plan.  The Sannyāsa ordination took place in 1621 on the Phalguna Shukla Dwitiya at Thanjavur.

When Shree Sudheendra Theertha bestowed sanyasaashrama to Sri Venkatanatha, he pondered for a unique name and decided upon “Raghavendra”, which is the name of Lord Ramachandra. Where-in,

“Ra” means it destroys mountains of sins

“Ga” means it provides deep devotion

“ven” means it provides speedy liberation from the cycle of life and death

“dra” means it removes all our indigence.

After the peetarohana of Sri Raghavendra Swami, his guru, Sri Sudheendra Teertha Swamiji left for his heavenly abode.  Sri Raghavendra Swami constructed his gurus Brindavana at Anegondi near Hampi under his personal supervision.  Sri Sudheendra Teertha Swami’s Brindavana is the ninth Brindavana at Anegondi, earning the region the popular moniker of “Nava Brindavana.”

Sri Yadavendra Teertha who was given Sannyasa by Sri Sudheendra Teertha returned from his pilgrimage and found Sri Raghavendra Teertha was initiated into the peetha.  Sri Raghavendra Teertha offered the peetha and idols of Moola Rama.  However, Yadavendra Teertha declined, but accepted to perform the pooja of Moola Rama for a day and continued his pilgrimage.  Sri Raghavendra Teertha continued to enrich Dvaita Vedanta from Kumbakonam where numerous disciples joined the Mutt.

During his stay in this world, Sri Raghavendra Teertha wrote 54 books, which is clearly documented by Sri Raghavendra Achar in his short work that describes all the grantha (works) that Sri Raghavendra Teertha has written.

The Granthas  (works) authored by Rayaru  are

1.      shrImannyaayasudhaa parimaLa
2.      aNubhaaShya vyaaKyana – tatvamaMjarI
3.      tatvaprakaashikaa bhaavadIpa
4.      chaMdrikaaprakaasha
5.      puruShasUkta vyaaKyaanaM
6.      maMtraartha maMjari (Rugartha maMjari)
7.      aMbhraNI sUkta vyaaKyaanaM
8.      hiraNyagarbhasUkta vyaaKyaanaM
9.      samudrasUkta vyaaKyaanaM
10.   IshaavaasyOpaniShat KaMDaartha
11.   talaavakaarOpaniShat KaMDaartha
12.   kaaTakOpaniShat KaMDaartha
13.   ShaTprashnOpaniShat KaMDaartha
14.   taittarIyOpaniShat KaMDaartha
15.   atharvaNOpaniShat KaMDaartha
16.   maaMDUkOpaniShat KaMDaartha
17.   CaaMdOgyOpaniShat KaMDaartha
18.   bRuhadaaraNyOpaniShat KaMDaartha
19.   aitarEyOpaniShat maMtraartha
20.   gItaartha saMgraha (gItaavivRuti)
21.   gItaabhaaShyapramEyadIpikaa TippaNi
22.   gItaataatparyaTIkaa vivaraNa (gItaataatparya nyaayadIpika vivaraNa:)
23.   taMtradIpikaa (brahmasUtraartha saMgraha:)
24.   nyaayamuktaavali (brahmasUtraadhikaraNaartha saMgraha:)
25.   aNubhaaShyaTIkaa (tatvamaMjari)
26.   brahmasUtrabhaaShya tatvaprakaashikaa bhaavadIpaa
27.   anuvyaaKyaana nyaayasudhaa parimaLa:
28.   shrI viShNutattvavinirNaya bhaavadIpa
29.   tattvOdyOta TIkaaTippaNi
30.   tatvasaMKyaanaM bhaavadIpa
31.   kathaalakShaNa bhaavadIpa
32.   karmanirNaya bhaavadIpa
33.   pramaaNalakShaNa bhaavadIpa
34.   pramaaNapaddhati bhaavadIpa
35.   tarkataaMDava nyaayadIpa
36.   shrI raamachaaritrya maMjari
37.   shrI kRuShNachaaritrya maMjarI
38.   mahaabhaarata taatparya nirNayabhaava saMgraha:
39.   vaadaavali vyaaKyaanaM
40.   chaMdrikaaprakaasha:
41.   tarkataaMDava vyaaKyaanaM (nyaayadIpa)
42.   pramaaNapaddhati vyaaKyaanaM
43.   aNumadhvavijaya vyaaKyaanaM (pramEya navamaalikaa)
44.   bhaaTTa saMgraha:
45.   praata: saMkalpagadya
46.   sarvasamarpaNa gadyaM
47.   pramEya saMgraha:
48.   taMtrasaaramaMtrOddhaara: (maMtraartha saMgraha:)
49.   tithinirNaya
50.   bhagavadhyaanaM
51.   raajagOpaalastuti (aShTaavataarastuti)
52.   nadItaaratamya stOtra
53.   iMdu enage gOviMda – devaranaama
54.   maruta ninnaya mahime (Avatara traya) – sulaadi

Naraprasanna Vittala
Naraprasanna Vittala
Upendran Boovaraha (Naraprasanna Vittala Dasa), belongs to a family-based in Erode. He is undergoing Dvaita shastra education various scholars. Upendra has written many devaranamagalu with the ankitha as NaraPrasannaVittala (which he got from Sri Vishwesha Tirtharu through Swapna, in the year 2015). Upendra works in a private company in Bengaluru.

2 Comments

  1. Kesava R Tadipatri says:

    Nice information. In the list of works, 2 and 25 are the same. Right?

  2. Kesava R Tadipatri says:

    Similarly 3 and 26 are same and 1 and 27 are same and 41 and 35 are same and 42 and 34 are same. Right?

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